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At the bottom of the desktop is the Dock. It contains your favorite apps well as any apps that are currently open.
The contents of the dock are easily customizable. To add an app to the dock, drag and drop it from the Applications Menu or right-click an open app's icon and choose <strong>Keep in Dock</strong>. To remove an app from the dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or right-click the icon and uncheck <strong>Keep in Dock</strong>. To rearrange apps on the dock, simply drag and drop them.
By default, the dock hides off the bottom of the desktop when an app is maximized. Simply move your mouse to the bottom center of the desktop to reveal the dock.
You can customize the dock's behavior through <strong><a href="/docs/learning-the-basics#system-settings">System Settings</a></strong> → <strong>Desktop</strong> → <strong>Dock</strong>.
App Windows
Apps exist in their own windows which can be closed, maximized, or moved around.
When you open an app, its window appears on the desktop. Each app typically has three areas: the window buttons, a toolbar, and the contents of the app.
Header Bar
Many apps have a Header Bar at the top of the app. This area contains common actions or navigation items for the app, plus the Window Buttons.
You can move an app's window around the desktop by dragging anywhere on the Header Bar, including on buttons.
Window Buttons
An app's Window Buttons are at the top corners of the app window. The close button is on the left and the maximize button is on the right. Pressing the close button will close the app's window. Pressing the maximize button will toggle whether the app window takes up the full desktop or not. You can also drag a window to the top of the desktop or double-click its header bar to maximize, and drag from the top or double-click the header bar to unmaximize.
elementary OS supports two types of multitasking: windows and workspaces.
Apps open in app windows. They can overlap on your desktop and be moved around. You can switch between windows several ways:
click on the window you want to switch to
click on the app's icon in the dock
press <kbd>Alt</kbd> + <kbd>Tab</kbd>
To see an overview of your open app windows, press <kbd>&#8984;</kbd> + <kbd>S</kbd>.
You can customize these shortcuts through <strong><a href="/docs/learning-the-basics#system-settings">System Settings</a></strong> → <strong>Keyboard</strong> → <strong>Shortcuts</strong> → <strong>Windows</strong>.
Hot Corners
You can also configure &quot;hot corners&quot; (shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the display) to activate multitasking functions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.
You can customize hot corners through <strong><a href="/docs/learning-the-basics#system-settings">System Settings</a></strong> → <strong>Desktop</strong> → <strong>Hot Corners</strong>.
By default, all app windows open on one workspace. However, you can use multiple workspaces to organize your workflow:
To see an overview of your workspaces, press <kbd>&#8984;</kbd> + <kbd>S</kbd>
To quickly move left or right through your workspaces, press <kbd>&#8984;</kbd> + <kbd>←</kbd> or <kbd>&#8984;</kbd> + <kbd>→</kbd>
To cycle through your workspaces, press <kbd>&#8984;</kbd> + <kbd>Tab</kbd>
You can jump straight to a specific workspace by pressing <kbd>&#8984;</kbd> + <kbd>1</kbd> through <kbd>&#8984;</kbd> + <kbd>9</kbd>. You can always jump to a new workspace with <kbd>&#8984;</kbd> + <kbd>0</kbd>.
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String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
_lang/et/docs/learning-the-basics.json, string 41